How the world temperature “record” was manipulated through dropping of stations

I have written extensively on this blog about the tweaking, “adjustment” and manipulation of the historic and present temperature “record” which are presented in the official figures.

With the poor placement of stations (91 % of the stations are CRN 3 to 5 = bad to very poor); where they have purposely taken away the urban heat island effect, use huge smoothing radius, the historical “adjustment and tweaking” to cool the past etc.

Not to mention the great slaughter of GHCN stations around 1990 – roughly 63 % of all climate measuring stations were “dropped”. Oddly enough many of them in cold places – Hmmm? Now the number of GHCN stations are back at the same numbers as in 1890.

(See for example my posts:

Rewriting Temperature History – Time and Time Again!,

More on the Blunder with NASA: s GISS Temperature data and the mess they have,

The Big dropout of weather stations since 1989 – A 66% reduction in 11 years,

The Big Difference Between GISS and UAH Temperature Data.

Minus 60 C or not?

The world has never seen such freezing heat OR the Blunder with NASA: s GISS Temperature data)

Just one example of this historical “adjustment and tweaking” they are doing:

On average 20% of the historical record was modified 16 times 2006 to beginning of 2008. The largest single jump was 0.27 C. This occurred between the Oct 13, 2006 and Jan 15, 2007 records when Aug 2006 changed from an anomaly of +0.43C to +0.70C, a change of nearly 68%.

And what a “coincidence” that the data is always “modified” in only on direction – guess which one.

Also remember that the US stations are now nearly a third of the all GHCN world stations.

And as I said in the beginningalways remember that these figures are based on the official data that has been tweaked, “adjusted” and manipulated to fit there agenda (cool the past, ignore UHI and land use change factors, huge smoothing radius – 1200km etc.)..

Just a couple of weeks ago a new report was published by Patrick Frank that shows that there has NEVER been a measurement of Sensor measurement uncertainty in ALL the weather stations used for the “Global” temperature “record”.  And that “the systematic error from uncontrolled variables has been invariably neglected”.

UNCERTAINTY IN THE GLOBAL AVERAGE SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE INDEX: A REPRESENTATIVE LOWER LIMIT

Patrick Frank, Palo Alto, CA 94301-2436, USA, Energy and Environment, Volume 21, Number 8 / December 2010 DOI: 10.1260/0958-305X.21.8.969

Abstract here:

http://multi-science.metapress.com/content/q557742n3221/?p=e174cd02151f44d7bd601ebb287be383&pi=0

Abstract :

“Sensor measurement uncertainty has never been fully considered in prior appraisals of global average surface air temperature. The estimated average ±0.2 C station error has been incorrectly assessed as random, and the systematic error from uncontrolled variables has been invariably neglected. The systematic errors in measurements from three ideally sited and maintained temperature sensors are calculated herein. Combined with the ±0.2 C average station error, a representative lower-limit uncertainty of ±0.46 C was found for any global annual surface air temperature anomaly. This ±0.46 C reveals that the global surface air temperature anomaly trend from 1880 through 2000 is statistically indistinguishable from 0 C, and represents a lower limit of calibration uncertainty for climate models and for any prospective physically justifiable proxy reconstruction of paleo-temperature. The rate and magnitude of 20th century warming are thus unknowable, and suggestions of an unprecedented trend in 20th century global air temperature are unsustainable.”

Summary and Conclusion:

“The assumption of global air temperature sensor noise stationarity is empirically untested and unverified. Estimated noise uncertainty propagates as

   rather than .

Future noise uncertainty in monthly means would greatly diminish if the siting of surface stations is improved and the sensor noise variances become known, monitored, and empirically verified as stationary.

The ±0.46 C lower limit of uncertainty shows that between 1880 and 2000, the trend in averaged global surface air temperature anomalies is statistically indistinguishable from 0 C at the 1σ level. One cannot, therefore, avoid the conclusion that it is presently impossible to quantify the warming trend in global climate since 1880.”

See also the letter to the Editors (APS Physics) by Patrick Frank:

http://www.aps.org/units/nes/newsletters/fall09.cfm

See also

http://noconsensus.wordpress.com/2011/01/20/what-evidence-for-unprecedented-warming/

http://wattsupwiththat.com/2011/01/20/surface-temperature-uncertainty-quantified/

So I thought I show you the drastic dropping of weather stations in 1989-1992. Others have shown this before and done a very good job presenting it. But it is worth repeating because most people has no idea on what shaky grounds the temperature records are based.

And remember –This dropping of stations was done on purpose. And you can see on the graph what “happened” to the temperature after that. For some very “odd” reason it went up sharply.

Hmnnn??

Can there be a connection???

And remember – Nearly ALL OF THESE STATIONS ARE STILL THERE AND GENERATING DATA.

In 3 years, from 1989 to 1992, 5218 stations were purposely “dropped”.

From 1993 to 2000 1384 more stations were “dropped”. A total of 6602 stations.

And if we compare with 1970 with1992 8445 stations have been “dropped”.

If we compare 1970 with year 2000 9829 stations have been “dropped”.

This is the ”logic and science” behind the Global warming Hysteria.

                        1970 (15 094 Stations)

                      1990 (9 475 Stations)

                        2000 (5 265 Stations)

Where did all the stations in China, India, Asia, Africa, Latin America, Middle East, Russia, Antarctica, and Australia go?????

AND WHY??????

Whole continents “just disappeared” and most of the landmass of Earth is now NOT COVERED.

And how do you compare the “average” Global temperature when they dropped 9829 stations between 1970 and 2000??????

9829 stations that where part of the “average” global temperature????

This is the “science” behind the Global warming Hysteria.

And it gets worse (which in itself s an “achievement”). Look at the map for 2010 – EVEN MORE landmass are “gone” on purpose. Including large parts of USA. See the huge contrast between 2000 an 2010 regarding USA.

                             2010

See also some of my previous post on this subject:

Climate Gate – All the manipulations and lies revealed 241

NASA ”systematically eliminated 75% of the world’s stations with a clear bias toward removing higher-latitude, high-altitude and rural locations.

Climate Gate – All the manipulations and lies revealed 211

How “they” (NASA) make Bolivia a VERY HOT PLACE EVEN WHEN THERE IS NO TEMPERATURE STATIONS OR DATA FROM THERE.

Another brilliant example of the trustworthiness of the Global Warming Hysteria.

And “their science”.

“One Small Problem. There has not been any thermometer data in GHCN since 1990.

None. Nada. Zilch. Nothing. Empty Set.

So just how can it be so Hot Hot Hot! in Bolivia if there is NO data?

Easy. GIStemp “makes it up” from “nearby” thermometers up to 1200 km away.

So what is within 1200 km of Bolivia? The beaches of Peru and the Amazon Jungle. Not exactly the same as snow capped peaks, but hey, you gotta make do with what you have, you know? (The official excuse given is that the data acceptance window closes on one day of the month and Bolivia does not report until after that date. Oh, and they never ever would want to go back and add date into the past after a close date. Yet they are happy to fiddle with, adjust, modify, and wholesale change and delete old data as they change their adjustment methods…)”

Here are some more glaring examples of this “tweaking and adjustment” of the temperature “record”:

NEW ENGLAND’S TEMPERATURE HISTORY AND TRENDS (1911 – 2009)

http://scienceandpublicpolicy.org/images/stories/papers/originals/ne_temp_history_trends.pdf

WHY NOAA AND NASA PROCLAMATIONS SHOULD BE IGNORED

http://scienceandpublicpolicy.org/images/stories/papers/originals/noaa_2010_report.pdf

“NASA/NOAA homogenization process has been shown to significantly alter the trends in many stations where the siting and rural nature suggest the data is reliable. In fact, adjustments account for virtually all the trend in the data. Unadjusted data for the best sites/rural shows cyclical multi-decadal variations but no net long term trend as former NASA scientist Dr. Ed Long showed here. He showed however that after adjustment, the rural data trend was made consistent with the urban data set with an artificial warming introduced.“

See also

http://climateaudit.org/2010/12/26/nasa-giss-adjusting-the-adjustments/

Just look at this “tweaking” done by NASA/NOAA in August 2007 to the temperature “record”. They just “happened” to LOWER the temperature 1880-1900 by OVER 0.3 C and then they just “happened” to RISE the temperature 1990-2007 by OVER 0.2 C. So “suddenly” you have a nice “warming trend” where there were NONE before. In fact it was a lowering trend from year 2000 which “suddenly” change to a warming trend with OVER 0.4 C difference.

This is the “science” behind the Global warming Hysteria.

US Agencies Still Fiddling Temperature Record, Reports SPPI

http://www.transworldnews.com/NewsStory.aspx?storyid=671981&ret=close

NASA and NOAA, which each receive close to half a billion dollars a year in taxpayer funding, have been systematically fiddling the worldwide temperature record for years, making “global warming” look worse than it is, according to a new paper by the Science and Public Policy Institute.  The findings are reported by Joe D’Aleo, a leading meteorologist.

Robert Ferguson, President of SPPI, said: “Despite billions spent on official claims about the supposed threat of catastrophic man-made ‘global warming’, opinion polls show the public are no longer fooled. A  main reason why the voters buy don’t climate alarmism any more is that the tiny but well-connected, lavishly-funded Climategate clique keeps on being caught out bending the scientific evidence.

The problem of data integrity has recently been commented on by MIT’s Dr. Richard Lindzen, “Inevitably in climate science, when data conflicts with models, a small coterie of scientists can be counted upon to modify the data…That the data should always need correcting to agree with models is totally implausible and indicative of a certain corruption within the climate science community.”

Mr. D’Aleo’s paper is a damning exposé of the inner workings of two agencies of the US Government –

The global temperature data from surface stations is “seriously compromised: the data suffer significant contamination by urbanization and other local factors such as changes in land cover and land use”. Numerous peer review papers suggest contamination of 30%, 50% or more.

The state of the temperature database, in the words of one of its operators, is “hopeless”, with “hundreds if not thousands of pairs of dummy  and duplicate stations”.

•The NASA warming is achieved in part by inventing data in arctic areas where no stations exist.

In the US, the warmest decade of the 20th century was the 1930s, and the warmest year was 1934, NASA’s chief climate scientist announced after the last super El Nino.

NOAA tampered with temperature data in 2000, 2007 and 2009 to create an artificial increase of 0.3 F° in the warming trend since the 1930s.

•NASA admits even today on their website, there is no generally-accepted standard for surface air temperatures.

Temperatures for the 1930s to 1950s have been readjusted downward to make the warming since then seem greater than it is.

Temperatures for recent decades have been readjusted upward to make the warming of the 20th century seem greater than it is.

Over time in the NASA database, the warming trend has been steadily increasing – not because the weather is getting warmer but because NASA keeps tampering with the data.

The data tampering became more serious and more frequent in 2007, when a strong la Niña caused widespread and profound global cooling.

Adjustments by NOAA and NASA, rather than real-world temperature changes, account for virtually all the apparent warming trend in the global data.

NASA and NOAA have repeatedly resisted Freedom of Information Act requests for release of the unadjusted data and documentation of adjustments made, probably because they fear independent analysis will demonstrate the adjustments are unwarranted and warming insignificant

Global temperature databases are “seriously flawed” and “can no longer be trusted to assess climate trends or rankings or validate model forecasts”.

In a lengthy paper updated in August 2010, Surface Temperature Records: Policy Driven Deception? , Watts and D’Aleo catalogued numerous case studies of temperature data tampering around the world.  This issue is of critical importance  because these very data sets are used as justification of advocacy for formulating and implementing unprecedented policy decisions seeking  radical transformations of our society and institutions.

Said Ferguson, “So blatantly obvious has the tampering become that Congress must mandate a thorough investigation of the temperature records, independent of the government scientists controlling them.  A ‘B’ team of non-government and non-UN experts must be established with access to all the raw data, records, adjustments, fudges, bodges  and computer codes currently being black-boxed by government scientists.”

SURFACE TEMPERATURE RECORDS: POLICY-DRIVEN DECEPTION?

http://scienceandpublicpolicy.org/images/stories/papers/originals/surface_temp.pdf

SUMMARY FOR POLICY MAKERS

(by SPPI)

1. Instrumental temperature data for the pre-satellite era (1850-1980) have been so widely, systematically, and uni-directionally tampered with that it cannot be credibly asserted there has been any significant “global warming” in the 20th century.

2. All terrestrial surface-temperature databases exhibit signs of urban heat pollution and post measurement adjustments that render them unreliable for determining accurate long-term temperature trends.

3. All of the problems have skewed the data so as greatly to overstate observed warming both regionally and globally.

4. Global terrestrial temperature data are compromised because more than three-quarters of the 6,000 stations that once reported are no longer being used in data trend analyses.

5. There has been a significant increase in the number of missing months with 40% of the GHCN stations reporting at least one missing month. This requires infilling which adds to the uncertainty and possible error.

 

6. Contamination by urbanization, changes in land use, improper siting, and inadequately-calibrated instrument upgrades further increases uncertainty.

7. Numerous peer-reviewed papers in recent years have shown the overstatement of observed longer term warming is 30-50% from heat-island and land use change contamination.

8. An increase in the percentage of compromised stations with interpolation to vacant data grids may make the warming bias greater than 50% of 20th-century warming.

9. In the oceans, data are missing and uncertainties are substantial. Changes in data sets introduced a step warming in 2009.

10. Satellite temperature monitoring has provided an alternative to terrestrial stations in compiling the global lower-troposphere temperature record. Their findings are increasingly diverging from the station-based constructions in a manner consistent with evidence of a warm bias in the surface temperature record.

11. Additional adjustments are made to the data which result in an increasing apparent trend. In many cases, adjustments do this by cooling off the early record.

12. Changes have been made to alter the historical record to mask cyclical changes that could be readily explained by natural factors like multi-decadal ocean and solar changes.

13. Due to recently increasing frequency of eschewing rural stations and favoring urban airports as the primary temperature data sources, global terrestrial temperature data bases are thus seriously flawed and can no longer be representative of both urban and rural environments. The resulting data is therefore problematic when used to assess climate trends or VALIDATE model forecasts.

14. An inclusive external assessment is essential of the surface temperature record of CRU, GISS and NCDC “chaired and paneled by mutually agreed to climate scientists who do not have a vested interest in the outcome of the evaluations.”

15. Reliance on the global data by both the UNIPCC and the US GCRP/CCSP should trigger a review of these documents assessing the base uncertainty of forecasts and policy language.

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19 svar to “How the world temperature “record” was manipulated through dropping of stations”

  1. Manipulating the global temperature record « The Daily Bayonet Says:

    […] Sophia has a new post on the shenanigans behind the global temperature record. […]

  2. 5 Star Blogging « Autonomous Mind Says:

    […] 5. UD/RK Samhälls Debatt on How The World Temperature ‘Record’ Was Manipulated Through Dropping Of Stations […]

  3. thojak Says:

    Utomordentligt bra översikt över bluff & bågeriet, Sophia!
    Tillse att hrr. Reinfeld & Carlgren får och läser detta!

    Mvh/TJ

    • sophiaalbertina Says:

      Thojak

      Tack för de orden.

      Det bästa sättet att klä av politiska och ”vetenskapliga” skandaler, som hela Global Warming Hysterin är, är att i all enkelhet visa på grundläggande fakta så att även en 5 åring glasklart förstår det hela.

      Att sedan massmedia och politiker väljer att ignorera, motarbeta, och att aktivt förfölja de som påpekar vilket vetenskapligt falsarium hela Global Warming Hysterin är; är ett av de sorgliga kapitlen i denna vetenskapliga och politiska skandal

      Vad det gäller Reinfeldt och Carlgren they couldn’t care less about the facts or “science”. För Reinfeldt är det bara politisk opportunism och totalt ointresse för ”vetenskapen” bakom det hela. Han hade lika gärna kunna köra ett race för Global Coling om det hade varit politiskt gångbart.

      Carlgren, den mannen är så lång bortom allt vad logik och fakta heter så det är obeskrivligt. Bara ett litet exempel: Han har ju infört man skall SKJUTA vargar (som är en utrotningshotad art i Sverige), för att de skall bli FLER och RÄDDAS undan utrotning, samt ÖKA den genetiska mångfalden inom stammen genom att skjuta de friska.

      Mot en sådan ”logik” kämpar även gudarna förgäves.

  4. Charles Wardrop Says:

    Has anyone got any theory or hunch why presumably -respectable US Govt institutions such as NASA would want to hide or falsify data or their interpretation?

    Surely it’s desirable for governments to be able to curtail expenditures on futile causes like fake climate change?

    • thojak Says:

      Charles W.: I presume you live in the US (I’m in Sweden) and you can certainly find some answers to your queries via a FOI-request.
      Here, in Sweden, we are ‘supposed’ to have the possibilities of access to ‘all’ official documents etc., but that’s only a possibility on the paper, written by some anonomous ‘clerk’ in some dark-kept subdivision of the government. But! It looks good, damn Good – on the outside.
      Sorry…

      Brgds
      //TJ

    • sophiaalbertina Says:

      Charles Wardrop,

      You asked “why presumably -respectable US Govt institutions such as NASA would want to hide or falsify data or their interpretation?
      Surely it’s desirable for governments to be able to curtail expenditures on futile causes like fake climate change?”

      This is a great question. And a question that any normal and logical person would ask. That’s why it is so hard to explain to normal people that this is all a political agenda that has nothing to do with science, facts or saving the earth.

      Politicians like to spend other people’s money, i.e. taxpayer’s money, with their ”promises”. That is their essence and lifeblood. Unfortunately a lot of voters fall for this until they discover that THEY are paying for it. And their children, and their grandchildren etc.

      You just have to look around in Europe to see prime example like Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain, UK etc. Not to mention EU itself, an epitome of waste, bureaucracy and corruption.

      Or the Obama administration who “managed to increase the deficit by a “mere” $2.2 trillion during their first year. An increase in one year that beat the COMBINED INCREASE OF AL THE PREVIOUS Presidents together.

      So what have this behaviour to do with anything?

      Very simple – The Glob Warming Hysteria is a godsend for any politician who wants to expand Global Government/Governance. Expand political control over EVERY ASPECT OF YOUR LIFE. And INCREASE TAXES and fees etc.

      That’s why the just LOVE cap and trade.

      They can raise ANY tax, put in any fee; ALL in the name of “saving the planet”.

      In the meantime they are deindustrializing the western world and reducing our living standard back to the Stone Age

      Or as Obama so brutally and honestly said (that was before he became president):

      “— Under my plan of a cap and trade system, electricity rates would necessarily skyrocket.” (January 2008, San Francisco Chronicle).

      And sadly, a lot of “scientists” have jumped on this bandwagon and gravy train. Gladly sacrificing everything science should be about.

      As always – Follow he money.

      The Global Warming Hysteria has given politicians the ultimate money and power tool. They are never, ever gone give this up voluntarily unless they are forced by the common people to do so.

      As I have been saying all along, it has always been a political agenda – anti human, anti freedom, anti development and anti capitalism. And this Global Warming Hysteria is part of that agenda. It has nothing to do with science, facts or saving the environment or the Earth.

      All of this, as always, paid by us, the common people, in the form of taxes, high energy costs and reducing our living standard back to the Stone Age.

      That’s why

  5. Global Warming Hoax Weekly Round-Up, Jan 27th 2011 « The Daily Bayonet Says:

    […] global weather is fine, it’s temperature measuring stations that seem to be in […]

  6. Benjamin Wilkes Says:

    You’re looking for conspiracies in the wrong places. Don’t you think big energy companies that want to continue our addiction to fossil fuels have infinitely more resources and money than simple government employees?

    • sophiaalbertina Says:

      Benjamin Wilkes,

      In one word – Climategate!

      Did you miss that? The leaked emails showed the concerted effort by these so called “prominent scientists” to manipulate, “adjust” and “tweak” data so it fitted wit the Global Warming Hysteria.

      And when they were submitted to FOIA requests, which they were legally binding to follow; they instead ERASED emails, documents and data so that no one could check their data and methods.

      This is the ”logic and science” behind the Global warming Hysteria.

      The Global Warming Hysterics standard form 1A when it comes to smearing and silencing opponents is the accusation that they are bought by the Big Satan – The Big Oil companies.

      If a person, or organization, in the distant past received a $10.000 grant for some research from the big oil they are IMMEDIATELY branded as bought and should be shun.

      But if the people, or organizations, promoting the Global Warming Hysteria receives a $10.000.000 to $100.000.000 grant or donations FROM THE SAME BIG COMPANIES the reactions is – NOTHING TO SEE HERE, MOVE ON, THIS IS NOT RELEVANT.

      The double standard and hypocrisy is so glaring that it is ridicules.

      Especially if you follow the money.

      The companies behind cap and trade, solar- and wind power, biofuels etc are the same big companies. Enron (which should tell you something) was a big promoter behind cap and trade and “green energy”, as is GE, Goldman Sachs and BP etc..

      BP (the Big Satan according to all these Global Warming Hysterics), has invested huge sums in solar- and wind power. But they started to cut down last year because even with these HUGE subsides it was not profitable.

      I call it “The Iron square” between “scientists”, government, big companies and media.
      They have a HUGE VESTED INTEREST to keep the Global Warming Hysteria going.

      As I have said before: The Global Warming Hysteria has given politicians the ultimate money and power tool. They are never, ever gone give this up voluntarily unless they are forced by the common people to do so.

      And sadly, a lot of “scientists”, companies and media have jumped on this bandwagon and gravy train. Gladly sacrificing everything science should be about.

      As I have been saying all along, it has always been a political agenda – anti human, anti freedom, anti development and anti capitalism. And this Global Warming Hysteria is part of that agenda. It has nothing to do with science, facts or saving the environment or the Earth.

      All of this, as always, paid by us, the common people, in the form of taxes, high energy costs and reducing our living standard back to the Stone Age.

  7. Tweets that mention How the world temperature “record” was manipulated through dropping of stations « UD/RK Samhälls Debatt -- Topsy.com Says:

    […] This post was mentioned on Twitter by Dan Collins, Deetz, Charles Chapdelaine, Somad Mann, Pacesetter Eclectica and others. Pacesetter Eclectica said: RT @redostoneage: How the world Temp record was manipulated through dropping stations http://bit.ly/eZ77C6 #climategate #globalwarming […]

  8. Ivan Says:

    Fake global warming in the US, yet another violation of our rights. Add it to the list of gov’t violations of our right:
    They violate the 1st Amendment by placing protesters in cages, banning books like “America Deceived II” and censoring the internet.
    They violate the 2nd Amendment by confiscating guns.
    They violate the 4th and 5th Amendment by molesting airline passengers.
    They violate the entire Constitution by starting undeclared wars for foreign countries.
    Impeach Obama and sweep out the Congress, except Ron Paul.
    (Last link of Banned Book):
    http://www.iuniverse.com/Bookstore/BookDetail.aspx?BookId=SKU-000190526

  9. Economy 1-28-11 | Dprogram.net Says:

    […] (Uddebat) – How the world temperature “record” was manipulated through dropping of stations – Read More Here […]

  10. Benjamin Wilkes Says:

    Sophia,

    Just to mention a couple things in response.

    1. The so-called ”Climategate” was investigated by British authorities and they found no wrong-doing or no change to data.

    See: http://www.cce-review.org/

    2. If global warming was being driven by political reasons then why would the United States politicians refuse to sign the Kyoto Agreement? It seems to me like the politicians are the ones who refuse to believe in global warming, not the ones leading it.

    • ThomasJ Says:

      Please, please.. pretty please, do, please, a small ‘think’ about and on the word whitewash, mr. Wilkes!
      Thanks
      //TJ

  11. free Says:

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  12. How the world temperature “record” was manipulated through HUGE smoothing radius « UD/RK Samhälls Debatt Says:

    […] a continuation of my previous post How the world temperature “record” was manipulated through dropping of stations I will continue my expose of official ways to manipulate data. This time about the smoothing […]

  13. Temperature Trend/Decade for the 4 Largest U.S. Cities – It is getting Cooler and Cooler « UD/RK Samhälls Debatt Says:

    […] How the world temperature “record” was manipulated through dropping of stations […]

  14. Lorrine Says:

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