Posts Tagged ‘Anna Politkovskaia’

Another Russian Journalist Shoot in the Head – By the Police

1 september, 2008

Som ett komplement till mina tidigare inlägg  Criticism = extremism in RussiaThe Russian system is characterized by intimidation and political passivity on the part of the population.How Putins critics get ”erased” from the TV screen och The Re-Sovietization of the Russian Press and Gazprom’s active part in it. kommer här mera vad som händer I Putin land.

Om hur journalister och andra som granskar makten trakasseras, förföljs och mördas.

Och nu har ytterligare en journalist i Ryssland fått en kula i huvudet.

”The founder of a website and vocal critic of the Kremlin’s policies in the Caucasus died Sunday from a bullet wound to the head while in police custody, Interfax reported, quoting prosecutors.

Magomed Yevloyev ran the website ingushetiya.ru, a major source of information in the region, and was a prominent opponent of the pro-Kremlin president of Ingushetia, Murat Zyazikov.

Prosecutors have opened a preliminary investigation after Yevloyev was shot in a police car in Narzan, the capital of volatile Ingushetia, a mostly Muslim region that borders Chechnya.”

”Russian justice authorities had ordered in June that the site be shut down, saying it was disseminating ”extremist” views.

Moscow had also blocked access to the site late last year after it called for protests against the local administration which the opposition accuses of corruption and mismanagement.”

http://ingushetiya.wordpress.com/2008/08/31/anti-kremlin-website-founder-dies-in-police-custody/

http://ingushetiya.wordpress.com/2008/08/31/owner-of-russian-opposition-website-killed/

http://www.interfax-news.com/3/423765/news.aspx

http://www.france24.com/en/20080831-anti-kremlin-website-founder-dies-police-custody-report

Myndigheterna i Ingusjien har länge försökt få tyst på Magomed Jevlojev och hans regeringskritiska webbplats http://ingushetiya.ru/ och http://ingushetiya.wordpress.com/ både genom att anklaga honom för extremism och genom att hota hans far som bor kvar i Ingusjien.

Jevlojevs värsta synd var att han avslöjade valfusket i Ingusjien i förra årets parlamentval. Trots att vallokalerna gapade tomma var valdeltagandet enligt officiella siffror 98%.

Här kommer en sammanställning av en del av de dödade journalisterna i Ryssland de senaste 15 åren:

http://www.newstatesman.com/russian-journalists

Här finns en mer detaljerad lista och redovisning på ryska och ytterligare personer som har blivit mördade från det ryska Centret för journalistik i extrema situationer :

(Min ugefärliga översättning/my approximate translation)

Journalister dödade i utförandet av eller i samband med utförandet av tjänsteutövningen:

Journalists killed in the performance of or in connection with the performance of professional duties: http://memorium.cjes.ru/?pid=7&cat_id=9

De journalister vars död är inte undersökt eller resultaten av undersökningen väcker tvivel:

The journalists whose deaths are not investigated or results of the investigation raises doubts: http://memorium.cjes.ru/?pid=7&cat_id=10

Journalister dödas i en olycka eller ett tillbud som inte är relaterade till resultatet för tjänsteutövningen:

Journalists killed in an accident or incident, not related to the performance of professional duties: http://memorium.cjes.ru/?pid=7&cat_id=11

Och här en lista över saknade journalister:

Missing journalists:  http://memorium.cjes.ru/?pid=10

Och här en lista med sammanfattande statistik över döda och saknade journalister:

Summary statistics of dead and missing journalists: http://memorium.cjes.ru/stat.php

Informationen i ”Memorium” innehåller Centret för journalistik i extrema situationer tillgängliga uppgifter om döda och saknade journalister inom OSS-länderna sedan 1991.

Russian journalism’s body count

In October 2006 journalist Anna Politkovskaya – a prominent critic of the Kremlin – was shot, just one of many reporters to die in suspicious circumstances since 1993 in the Russian Federation. In solidarity with the dead, and in association with Amnesty International, Center for Journalism in Extreme Situations, the Committee to Protect Journalists and Index on Censorship, newstatesman.com publishes pictures of some of those who have perished

Alfer’ev, Vadim

Died: 26.12.1995
Circumstances: attacked and beaten with a scrap-iron bar on the stairwell of his house
Place of work: the newspaper Krasnoiarsk Segodniashniaia Gazeta
Additional information: at the time of his death he had been investigating a crime


Chechugo, Sergei

Died: 27.01.2002
Circumstances: died in a helicopter explosion in the Shelkovski region of Chechnya
Place of work: he was the press officer at the Ministry of Interior of the Russian Federation in the Southern federal district and free lance journalist for the newspaper Komsomolskaia Pravda


Belozerov, Igor

Died: 03.10.1993
Circumstances: killed by a sniper who was shooting from the Ostankino TV centre building
Place of work: he was a cameraman for the TV channel Ostankino


Borovik, Artem

Died: 09.03.2000
Circumstances: died in a plane crash at Moscow Airport
Place of work: as well as being a journalist he was president of the publishing company Sovershenno Sekretno
Additional information: the airport security service has not ruled out that the attack on the plane was planned. A criminal investigation has been launched


Chechugo, Sergei

Died: 30.12.1998
Circumstances: killed by a hit and run
Place of work: he was deputy editor-in-chief of the newspaper Konkurent based in Vladivostok


Domnikov, Igor

Died: 16.07.2000
Circumstances: beaten around the head with a hammer, at the entrance to his house. He died in hospital some hours later
Place of work: he was editor of the Novaia Gazeta, Moscow
Additional information: A colleague of Igor’s had reportedly received threats, offers of bribes and been told by members of the Federal Security Service to stop his investigations. It is believed he was the intended target and not Igor

__________________________________________________________________________

Drobyshev, Vladimir

Died: 03.10.1993
Circumstances: died from a heart attack as a result of the shootings at the Ostankino TV centre building
Place of work: the magazine ”Chelovek i Priroda”
Additional information: investigations by journalists reveal that at the time soldiers were shooting at anyone who came close to the building


Gorelova, Marina

Died: 10.11.1996
Circumstances: killed alongside her colleague Yuri Shmakov, in an explosion at the funeral of the chairman of the Foundation for Afghanistan War Veterans
Place of work: she worked for the TV company Otechestvo


Ifanov, Vyacheslav

Died: 05.04.2007
Circumstances: found dead in his car which was parked in his garage
Place of work: he was a cameraman for the TV channel Novoe Televidenie Aleiska


Ivanov, Valery

Died: 29.04.2002
Circumstances: shot while outside his house in Tol’iatti, in the Samara region
Place of work: he was editor-in-chief of the newspaper Tol’iatinskoe Obozrenie
Additional information: Tol’iatti’s Procuracy said that the murder was linked to his professional activities in reporting stories on local criminal groups


Kazikhanov, Tamerlan

Died: 13.10.2005
Circumstances: shot by a Chechen fighter as he approached his workplace in Nalchik
Place of work: he was head of the press service for the anti-terrorist centre at the Ministry of Interior, Southern Federal Region


Khlebnikov, Paul (Pavel)

Died: 09.07.2004
Circumstances: shot in Moscow while leaving his office. He died on the way to hospital. The two suspects fled by car
Place of work:he was a cameraman for Puls TV, Channel 5


Kholodov, Dimitrii

Died: 17.10.1994
Circumstances: fatally wounded in an explosion
Place of work: he was a journalist at the newspaper Moskovskii Komsomolets


Kochetkov, Vagif

Died: 08.01.2006
Circumstances: attacked and beaten at the entrance to his house he died later in hospital in Tula
Place of work: he was a journalist for the newspaper Trud
Additional information: his money and mobile phone were stolen in the incident, so there is a possibility his death was a result of a mugging


Konovalenko, Alexander

Died: 06.06.1995
Circumstances: died in police custody in Volgograd
Place of work: he was a journalist for the newspaper Krest’ianskoe Slovo in Volgograd


Krasil’nikov, Sergey

Died: 03.10.1993
Circumstances: shot by a member of the Russian special forces outside the Ostankino TV centre
Place of work: the TV company Ostankino


Kuznetsov, Leonid

Died: 04.09.2002
Circumstances: although this is unclear, his body was discovered at the edge of Kasimov, in the Riasan region
Place of work: he was editor at Meshcherskaia Nov’ newspaper


Levin-Utkin, Anatoly

Died: 24.08.1998
Circumstances: beaten around the head at the entrance to his house. He died later in hospital
Place of work:he was deputy editor-in-chief for the newspaper Yuridicheski Peterburg Segodnia


List’ev, Vladislav

Died: 01.03.1995
Circumstances: shot dead at the entrance to his house
Place of work: he was director general of TV Channel ORT


Loskutov, Alexander

Died: 17.12.1999
Circumstances: died when a tank, driving on the opposite site on the road, lost control and crashed into his car. At the time he was reporting from Chechnya
Place of work: he was journalist for the magazine Morskoi Sbornik


Makeev, Pavel

Died: 21.05.2005
Circumstances: died on the Azov-Bataisk motorway while reporting on illegal car races which were taking place there
Place of work: he was a cameraman for Puls TV, cannel 5
Additional information: friends and family believe he might have been murdered on the motorway, a criminal investigation was launched under the Russian equivalent of a violation of road traffic laws


Markevich, Eduard

Died: 19.09.2001
Circumstances: found dead in the village of Reftinskii, in the Sverdlovsk region
Place of work: he was editor-in-chief of the newspaper Novii Reft, Reftinskii
Additional information: his colleagues assume he was murdered due to his journalistic investigations


Mikhailkov, Viktor

Died: 11.05.1996
Circumstances: found dead in front of Cafe Topol in Chita
Place of work: he was a journalist for the newspaper Zabaikal’ski rabochi in Chita


Novikov, Sergey

Died: 26.07.2000
Circumstances: shot dead at the entrance to his house
Place of work: he was president of the independent radio station Vesna
Additional infomation: a day prior to his death Novikov had announced that he had evidence of corruption in the regional administration


Peck, Rory

Died: 03.10.1993
Circumstances: died as a result of stray bullets
Place of work: he was cameraman for German TV channel ARD


Piterskii, Alexander

Died: 30.08.2005
Circumstances: found dead in his apartment
Place of work: he worked at the radio station, Baltika in St.Petersburg


Plotnikov-Vyacheslav

Died: 15.09.2006
Circumstances: dead body found in a forest
Place of work: he was a journalist for a TV company called 41st company based in Voronezh


Politkovskaia, Anna

Died: 07.10.2006
Circumstances: shot in the hallway of her apartment building
Place of work: she was a journalist for the Novaia Gazeta, Moscow


Rudnev, Vyacheslav

Died: 17.02.1995
Circumstances: found gravely injured at the entrance to his house. He died later in hospital
Place of work: he was a free lance journalist based in Kaluga


Safronov, Ivan

Died: 02.03.2007
Circumstances: found dead next to a building. The Moscow Procuracy announced that he had fallen from some height, probably out of the window
Place of work: he was a journalist for the newspaper Komersant
Additional information: the editor-in-chief of the Komersant newspaper doubted that it was suicide. Safronov reported on defense issues


Shchekochikhin, Yurii

Died: 03.07.2003
Circumstances: after being admitted to hospital, he died of an acute allergic syndrome. It is suspected that he might have been poisoned
Place of work: he was deputy editor-in-chief of the newspaper Novaia Gazeta


Sidel’nikov, Alexander

Died: 04.10.1993
Circumstances: killed near the Supreme Soviet building
Place of work: he was a director and cameraman for Lennaufilm, St. Petersburg


Sidorov, Aleksei

Died: 09.10.2003
Circumstances: stabbed twice in the back at the entrance to his apartment building
Place of work: he was editor-in-chief of the newspaper Tol’iatinskoe Obozrenie, based in Tol’iatti, in the Samara region


Skopan, Ivan

Died: 03.10.1993
Circumstances: died as a result of stray bullets
Place of work: he was cameraman for French TV channel, TV-1


Smirnov, Alexander

Died: 04.10.1993
Circumstances: killed near the Supreme Soviet building
Place of work: he was a journalist for the newspaper Molodezhnyi Kur’er


Solov’ev, Feliks

Died: 26.02.1996
Circumstances: shot dead in Moscow
Place of work: he was a freelance journalist working in Moscow


Soltys, Yuri

Died: 15.06.1994
Circumstances: found dead on the railway platform at Stroitel, in the Moscow region
Place of work: he was a crime correspondent for the Interfax news agency


Ulanov, Andre

Died: 15.10.1995
Circumstances: shot at the door to his apartment. He died later in hospital
Place of work: he was editor-in-chief of the newspaper Tol’iatti Segodnia, based in the Samara region


Varisov, Magomedzagid

Died: 28.06.2005
Circumstances: shot point-blank in front of his house in Makhachkala,in Dagestan
Place of work: he was Director of the Centre for Strategic Initiatives and Political Technology


Yudina, Larisa

Died: 06.06.1998
Circumstances: found dead in a lake near Elsita, in the Kalmyk Republic
Place of work: she was editor of the newspaper Sovetskaia Kalmykia Segodnia
Additional information: The Russian President at the time called it a political murder. The Kalmyk Republic president’s brother and the chair of the National Bank are suspected of having ordered the murder. Four suspects were arrested but the investigation still continues

Läs även andra bloggares åsikter om <a href=”http://bloggar.se/om/Fri-+och+r%E4ttigheter” rel=”tag”>Fri- och rättigheter</a>, <a href=”http://bloggar.se/om/Yttrandefrihet” rel=”tag”>Yttrandefrihet</a>, <a href=”http://bloggar.se/om/Russia” rel=”tag”>Russia</a>

Annonser

The Russian system is characterized by intimidation and political passivity on the part of the population.

24 augusti, 2008

Här kommer flera olika rapporter och nyheter om den ryska regeringens olika brott mot mänskliga rättigheter. Och hur de ”trakasserar” allt och alla som försöker protestera.

Här kommer Freedom House rapport från i år om Ryssland:

http://www.freedomhouse.hu/images/fdh_galleries/NIT2008/NT-Russia-final1.pdf

Executive SUMMARY

National Democratic Governance.

The key issue for 2007 was the presidential succession. Putin made it clear that he would not leave the political stage after the end of his constitutionally-mandated two terms in office. This decision leaves in place the current elite and allows them to continue managing the economic assets they gained control over during the last eight years. The system is characterized by intimidation and political passivity on the part of the population. Russia‘s rating for national democratic governance drops from 6.00 to 6.25. Putin’s decision to remain in power demonstrates that the political system is increasingly authoritarian, with little accountability to the population and few opportunities for substantial public participation in the decision-making process. While the system is stable in the short term, the mid- and long-term prospects are bleak because such a top-heavy government has little ability to understand what is going on in Russian society and react to social change effectively.

Electoral Process.

The State Duma elections were neither free nor fair, setting the stage for similarly controlled presidential elections in 2008. Russia placed such strict constraints on international observers that the OSCE monitors ultimately decided not to observe the elections. The campaign was skewed in favor of United Russia, the party of power, with the authorities making extensive use of state resources to ensure victory. Opposition parties were harassed at every step. The national television networks, under the control of the government, promoted pro-Kremlin parties through their news coverage, thereby creating a playing field that was not level. Russia‘s rating for electoral process drops from 6.50 to 6.75. The 2007 parliamentary elections set a new level of state control over the electoral process in Russia and prepared the ground for equally undemocratic presidential elections in 2008.

Civil Society.

Russia’s NGOs continue to face intense pressure from the Russian state, particularly in complying with the provisions of the 2006 Law on NGOs. The state applies the law more harshly against NGOs it does not favor, and many are having trouble meeting its onerous requirements. Kremlin-sponsored groups like Nashi harass the opposition and Moscow-based diplomats alike. Russia‘s rating for civil society worsens from 5.25 to 5.50 because of the implementation of the Law on NGOs, increasing restrictions on the right to public protest, greater use of psychiatric hospitals against activists, and growing political propaganda in the education system.

Independent Media.

The state continues to exercise extensive control over television, radio, and the print media. Only a few exceptional outlets and the Internet remain open for political discussion. While the Kremlin has not limited the range of free discussion on the Internet, critics accuse it of funding online attacks against opponents, while regional authorities have filed criminal charges against some bloggers who criticize them. Russia‘s rating for independent media remains at 6.25 as the state continues to put binding limits on free expression. Attempts to assert more control over the Internet do not bode well for the future.

Judicial Framework and Independence.

Russia’s courts are subject to political manipulation and can be reliably counted on to return the decisions needed by the authorities. Major problems remain in terms of pre-trial detention, lengthy trials, the failure to implement court decisions, and the poor quality of the defense. The greatest indictment of the Russian court system is the large number of citizens who believe that they cannot get a fair hearing and seek redress at the European Court of Human Rights. Although there are provisions for jury trials, they are rarely used, and the decisions are often overturned by higher courts. Russia‘s rating for judicial framework and independence remains at 5.25 because of the system’s inability to assert greater independence. While some reforms have been implemented, such as increasing the role of judges, it will be a long time before these reforms change the way the system actually operates.

Corruption.

Bribery and other forms of corruption continue to pervade Russian society: Official efforts to address the problem have mostly amounted to politically driven campaigns to discredit opponents. Russia‘s rating for corruption stays the same at 6.00 because in conditions where there is not a free press, energetic civil society, and independent judiciary, there are few prospects for making substantial progress in the battle against bribery and abuse of public office.

Nations in Transit Ratings and Averaged Scores
1999 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Electoral Process 4.00 4.25 4.50 4.75 5.50 6.00 6.25 6.50 6.75
Civil Society 3.75 4.00 4.00 4.25 4.50 4.75 5.00 5.25 5.50
Independent Media 4.75 5.25 5.50 5.50 5.75 6.00 6.00 6.25 6.25
Governance* 4.50 5.00 5.25 5.00 5.25 n/a n/a n/a n/a
National Democratic Governance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 5.75 6.00 6.00 6.25
Local Democratic Governance n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 5.75 5.75 5.75 5.75
Judicial Framework and Independence 4.25 4.50 4.75 4.50 4.75 5.25 5.25 5.25 5.25
Corruption 6.25 6.25 6.00 5.75 5.75 5.75 6.00 6.00 6.00
Democracy Score 4.58 4.88 5.00 4.96 5.25 5.61 5.75 5.86 5.96

Och här Human Rights Watch senaste rapport (2007) från Rysland:

http://hrw.org/wr2k7/pdfs/russia.pdf

Läs även andra bloggares åsikter om http://bloggar.se/om/Fri-+och+r%E4ttigheter” rel=”tag”>Fri- och rättigheter</a>, <a href=”http://bloggar.se/om/Yttrandefrihet.” rel=”tag”>Yttrandefrihet.</a>

(more…)


%d bloggare gillar detta: